Things to Consider
When you decide which dog obedience training method is most appropriate for you and your dog, it is important that you have evaluated the important factors including breed specific behaviours that includes the purpose for your dog’s breeding to hunt, pull, fight, guard or a tendency for strong prey drive. Consider other factors as temperament, age, environment, sensitivity, awareness level, behaviour and training history. Finally the capability of the dog owner to becoming a positive leader is also an important consideration to which dog obedience training method would be most beneficial.
Basic Dog Obedience Training
Attempted to take control of your puppy or dog when there have been no dog obedience training basic commands is not only virtually impossible but can be personally exhausting and speaks volumes of your disregard for any family, visitors, friends or acquaintances that come in contact with your puppy or dog.
Although all is not lost as teaching your puppy or dog the simple and straight forward five basic dog obedience training commands will make the world of difference to all who is brave enough to come in contact with your family canine, and also provide a positive influence of the essential bonding between you and your canine.
You will always need to be aware that dogs and especially puppies have very short concentration and attention spans, and to expect your puppy or dog to give you his full attention for a long period of time will always be unrealistic, actually progressing the dog obedience training beyond your canine’s attentive level can become more damaging as he can quickly become resentful of you and your attempt to ‘punish’ him.
So as a caring dog owner you must keep your dog obedience training sessions brief and always be concise and to the point of the exercise and more importantly expect little positive results and aim for reinforcing the individual session contact over a number of lessons / sessions. You need to understand that each individual lesson for your puppy or dog will be a steep learning curve and expect limited progress in individual commands within each session and work well within your canines’ attention span.
As the progressing of the all-important dog obedience training sessions increases you can expect your canine’ attention span to increase slightly, although you will need to ensure you that you work within your canines’ capabilities as you will see more positive progress in the dog obedience training and the essential bonding process. Keep your dog training sessions short and to maximize your canines’ attention, keep your sessions short and be selective where you choose the ideal area to conduct your training sessions.
The basic dog obedience training commands is the absolute basic commands you will initially need, and once practiced and reinforced over a period of time will become a positive foundation for the more intermediate and advanced levels. Below are the five basic dog obedience training commands with an in-depth explanation of the simple techniques used by dog obedience training experts.
The ‘Sit’ command is not only one of the easiest commands to teach your canine, but also one of the most important first steps in the dog obedience training progression skills. Just imagine the importance in controlling your puppy when he has the basic understanding of the command ‘Sit’ as this command allow you as the caring dog owner to positively control your puppy until he has acquired the technique of self-control.
For example, the commands ‘Sit’ beyond just controlling your puppy in the ‘Sit’ position, but also you have a unique opportunity of commanding your puppy to ‘Sit’ when the doorbell sounds, your puppy will be less likely to jump up on visitors when the door is finally opened.
To teach the ‘Sit ‘command
- You need to be your puppy’s level, place yourself on the floor or on a low chair
- A tasty treat need to be placed near his nose and allow his head follow the treat as your hand is raised
- As your puppy’s head rises his backend will lower
- When his backend touches the floor position the treat in front of his mouth. Immediately praise him for a positive action
- Repeat many times and be consistent. The positive action need to be linked with the basic dog obedience training command of ‘Sit’
At this early stage of dog obedience training it is essential to understand few dog training tips. Don’t an extended distance between your puppy and your ‘treat’ hand as this extended distance will only allow your puppy to jump up at your hand. Instead, hold your closed hand only high enough that your puppy is forced to extend his neck, as soon has his backend touches the floor, and then combine ‘Good. Sit’ with offering the treat with your open hand. This has always been an excellent dog training tricks which children of the household can practice and reinforce this simple and basic dog obedience training command.
Consistency and repetition is the positive key to the success or failure of this simple and basic dog obedience training command, although puppy’s and dogs can become bored with the simple repetition, instead you can play in different guises by reinforcing the ‘Sit’ command in other relevant situations, such as mealtimes, have your puppy sit before your place your dog food dish in front of him, or before you open the door to take him for a daily walking excursion.
You will need to have a recognisable command when your puppy breaks the ‘Sit’ command protocol, gently remind him of the need to obey the command to the reward by saying something easily understood like ‘Oops, try again’ or any other wording that would be easily recognisable to your puppy. When this command is reinforced prior to opening the door for walk, then it could be a lifesaver as your puppy would be less likely to bolt through the door every time the door was opened.
The ‘Come’ basic dog obedience training command is another essential command that can in times of concern become a lifesaver, let alone a useful tool for the positive managing of annoying puppy behaviours. This command if reinforced can become a lifesaver especially when your puppy or dog physically escapes from the fenced yard or even bolts through an open outside door, then the ‘Come’ can readily save his life when this basic dog training command is reinforced with positive and consistent rewards. This command will become a lifetime skill that will be refined and used throughout the rest of his life.
To teach the ‘Come’ command
- Attach a light, strong length of line or string – he needs to constantly supervised, to your puppy’s dog collar and allow him to drag the light line or string around with him
- In time he will be accustomed to the line, by picking up the other end of the line and hold as you follow him around the yard. As he gets used to your presence, he will realise both of you are attached
- Remember the marker word ‘Yes’ reinforced with a few treats, walk backwards and encourage him to follow – this will need to be a fun game, after the ‘Yes’ command is being obeyed and comes towards you, say ‘Yes’ and reinforce with a positive reaction with a tasty treat followed by positive verbal reaction – he the cleverest friend in the world.
- It will be important to pair the ‘Yes’ basic dog obedience training command with the reinforcing command ‘Come’. Every time your puppy positively responds correctly, lavish praise and a tasty treat as a positive reward. This command can be easily reinforced by incorporating this practice into a fun game for you and your puppy or dog
There is an easy way of destroying the hard work and effort both you and your puppy have invested in the basic dog obedience training sessions, and that is by the bad habit of shouting and yelling at your puppy or dog when your dog forgets the positive action of this command, remember the one-word and one-command rule and you must always abide by this rule.
Once your canine through repetition and the upmost consistency reinforces the command actions, and then there is less chance of your canine forgetting the actions associated with the simple command, but like everything else in life we can all make mistakes and your canine is no different.
If your puppy or dog doesn’t come to you first time you command, then walk towards him in a friendly and smiling manner and gently guide him to where you want him to be. When your puppy or dog doesn’t understand the meaning of the command, then the command may need more reinforcing and steadfast consistency so the action becomes second nature. Your canine will always want to please you the caring dog owner and you will need to show him the upmost respect at all times.
It must be understood at the beginning that the ‘Stay’ command within the basic dog obedience training program is one of the most difficult commands for the puppy or dog. To expect any puppy or dog to stay when he only wants to lean against the owner’s legs, sit on his feet or stay aware from tasty treats or floor within his reach only a short distance from him, and expect him to stay a short distance away from treats and the owner is virtually asking too much of our devoted companion.
Similar to the other basic dog obedience commands, when ‘Stay’ is reinforced, and this is a difficult task for the most experienced dog trainer, again this effective command can be a lifesaver and well worth the time taken to reinforce this very important command.
It’s important to emphasise that when this command is understood through reinforcement, your puppy or dog will become potentially controllable when any adverse situations develop especially to prevent your canine chasing other dogs, chasing cats or other forms of wildlife.
Your dog forcibly slipping his collar and chasing other dog on the other side of the street in the rush hour can be fatal if coming in contact with a moving vehicle. With this command reinforced can be the difference between life and death to your puppy or dog.
Although this basic dog obedience training command can be difficult to master it is without doubt one of the crucial commands to master. When a canine masters this command ‘Stay’ can easily progress beyond the basic dog obedience training level to the more advanced levels.
To teach the ‘Stay’ command
- Place a dog leash on your dog and allow him to sit comfortable by the side of you
- Position your hand as a flat palm towards his muzzle and say ‘Stay’
- Position yourself in front of your dog – preferably at high level, wait a few seconds, then step backwards away from your dog.
- Reward him with a tasty treat and kinds words for not moving towards you – staying in his initial position
- In the beginning of the session he will likely not understand or react correctly to the command, then calmly say ‘Oops’ or ‘No’ and place him in the original position. Again give the verbal command and the recognisable hand signal
- It is important to practice this difficult command in short duration times throughout the day in different locations and if patient you will see positive results as he starts to understand what is expected and reinforced with tasty treats.
- After rewarding him a tasty treat and praise for success, reinforce a release word. A good release word is ‘Okay’
Another Dog Obedience Training command which is regarded as an extremely useful management tool that can keep puppy’s and dogs out of trouble and kept from underfoot. Again another basic dog training command which can be difficult for many dogs to knowingly accept because it’s a submissive posture and render the puppy or dog in a vulnerable position which there would be little defensive quality.
Generally a shy or fearful dog usually experience difficulty or have more trouble, learning or performing the positive dog obedience training ‘Down’ command, so it is imperative you will not expect to accomplish this basic command in the short term, patience with teaching this skill is the key to a positive outcome. You need to use a consistent happy voice with lots of praise and tasty treats – as always use treats sparingly as they should not be a replacement for the daily dog food mix, to have success with this important although basic command.
To teach the ‘Down’ command
- In your closed hand hold a tasty treat and place your hand close to your canines’ muzzle
- On detecting the scent of the tasty treat, initiate the command by lowering your closed hand to the floor. He should follow the direction of your closed hand
- As your canines’ head follows your closed hand, allow your hand in front of him along the floor. Naturally his body should follow his head, once he accomplishes the stretched down position, open your closed hand and allow him access to the tasty treat and give positive praise
- As with all basic dog obedience training commands, it is important to continuously repeat this command process multiple times throughout the day and link the positive behaviour with the word ‘Down’.
The initial instinct of the puppy or dog is to lunge towards your closed hand and attempt to claw at your hand to release the tasty treat, you will need to be aware that if this adverse action is to occur, then you will need to positively address this response with the ‘No’ command.
You’ll need to withdraw your closed hand immediately before he can access the tasty treat, as this negative action on his part can become a long lasting problem as his attitude can be well ‘I can get away with it sometimes’ then training him any basic dog obedience training commands can become impossible or at the very least very more difficult that it should be, as the risk will be for him to take the short cuts and expect treats occasionally.
Your puppy or dog will try anything to get access to the tasty treat with minimal effort, as he is showing effort in satisfying his instincts the emphasis should be of you to avoid his adverse effort succeeding and with your perseverance your dog never is successful tasty treats that he don’t deserve as a reward for outstanding achievement.
All of the efforts positive or negative your puppy or dog presents throughout the dog obedience training sessions should not be met with punishment in any way or form, as he should not be punished for thinking through solutions as he will soon realise that tasty treats will only reward positive achievement, and likewise bad decision-making will never be rewarded.
Walking on Dog Leash in controlled manner
We may not always realise that the way your canine behaves when on the leash speaks volumes about your role as a caring or uncaring dog owner as a trained canine will be a good member of the local community and displaying a positive moral responsibility to other members of the community and a positive responsibility towards the caring role of your family pet.
We have probably seen dog owners who are constantly pulling back on the leash in an effort to prevent their dog from lunging and being dragged by a larger breed of dog. These adverse actions on behalf of the dog and owner do not inspire confident from passing pedestrians and responsible drivers who is forced to witness this spectacle.
A beautiful sight is for a dog that walks attentively by the side of the caring owner on a loose leash as among other concerns, the dog will be less likely to become fearful in new situation developing, or less likely to adversely react when the canine is solely concentrating on its positioning with relation to his owner.
Importantly, your puppy or dog should by now be familiar with the dog obedience training command ‘Come’ when on or off the leash with the understanding that the leash positively connects both of you, and this is the perfect time to progress beyond ‘Come’ command on the leash, and combine with walking politely and calmly on the leash by your side and under full control.
Teach controlled walking on leash
- After attaching the dog leash to your dog’s collar, use the dog obedience training command of ‘Let’s go’ again using a happy voice. Place the treat bag close to your left hand pocket for easy and instant access
- Forward motion should be encouraged by you patting your left calf. When he comes close to, and stays by your side, with minimal movement from your left hand – he need to take a close position near your leg, then allow him to have a treat placed in his mouth and the ever present praise with happy voice
- When walking a few short steps it is important to offer praise to encourage him to remain in this close position to you and on a short but loose leash
- At this early stage he will try and force the pace by pushing on the leash or lagging behind. Instantly you detect any adverse movements in your dog, then you must stop to allow him to tighten the leash
- Usually the slight leash tension will cause him to turn around to you. As you detect the slack in the leash, give your verbal praise in a happy voice ‘Yes!’ Praise and offer him a tasty treat as soon as he bounces back to you
- Before he develops adverse habits of pulling on his leash, practice the renowned principle of ‘being a rock’, stopping all motion back and forth. His adverse behaviour will self-correct. Just wait him out if he doesn’t come back to your side
Loose leash walking is a skill which will be expected to take some time to master as the dog need to be submissive in doing his own thing, and with patience and consistency especially when your puppy or dog constantly finding it difficult to get it right, get it right he will and this will be a proud time for both caring dog owner and dog.
As part of the basic dog obedience training procedure once your puppy or dog has gained experience in walking on the loose leash you will need to link this behaviour with the important and impressive dog training command of walking to heal command.
This dog obedience training command technique simply means to stay close to my left leg at all times whether we are stopped or walking. In reality the skill can be simple when exercising consistency and patience. When walking on a loose leash take a few steps with your dog in the heal position, offer a tasty treat and praise with a happy voice. Practice, Practice and more Practice is required to perfect this important basic dog obedience training technique.
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